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Polymers with spatial or topological constraints: Theoretical and computational results

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)173
Number of pages73
JournalPhysics Reports
Volume504
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2011

Abstract

In this review, we provide an organized summary of the theoretical and computational results that are available for polymers subject to spatial or topological constraints. Because of the interdisciplinary character of the topic, we provide an accessible, non-specialist introduction to the main topological concepts, polymer models, and theoretical/computational methods used to investigate dense and entangled polymer systems. The main body of our review deals with (i) the effect that spatial confinement has on the equilibrium topological entanglement of one or more polymer chains and (ii) the metric and entropic properties of polymer chains with fixed topological states. These problems have important technological applications and implications for life sciences. Both aspects, especially the latter, are amply covered. A number of selected open problems are finally highlighted. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

    Research areas

  • Polymers, Knots, Confinement, SELF-AVOIDING WALKS, SCANNING FORCE MICROSCOPY, RING POLYMERS, MONTE-CARLO, LATTICE POLYGONS, DNA-MOLECULES, STATISTICAL-MECHANICS, CRITICAL EXPONENTS, LINKING NUMBERS, PHAGE CAPSIDS

ID: 1451716