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Regional and Social Variation in Scottish T-glottaling

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Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 5 Sep 2019
EventUKLVC 2019 - QMUL, London, United Kingdom
Duration: 3 Sep 20195 Sep 2019


ConferenceUKLVC 2019
CountryUnited Kingdom


T-glottaling is a well-studied variable in UK English and a well-known feature of Scottish varieties. Speaker age, gender, social class, and formality of talk are typical social predictors (e.g., Stuart-Smith 1999; Schleef 2013). Some have posited that the glottal variant may have been innovated in Scotland separately from in Southern England (Schleef 2013; Smith & Holmes-Elliott 2018). To explore the constraints on glottal realization, as well as this polygenetic hypothesis, we consider variation within Scotland. While Stuart-Smith (1999) identified differences within Glasgow according to social class, we consider differences within Scotland according to region and formality.

    Research areas

  • variation, sociolinguistics, Scotland, English, Scots, phonetics, phonology, regional variation, social class, youtube


UKLVC 2019


London, United Kingdom

Event: Conference

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