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Religious pluralism: Essential or challenge to liberal democracy?

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    Rights statement: The final version of this paper has been published in Philosophy and Social Criticism, Vol/Issue, 16 March 2020 by SAGE Publications Ltd, All rights reserved. © Mona Siddiqui, 2020. It is available at: https://doi.org/10.1177/0191453720908464

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Original languageEnglish
JournalPhilosophy and Social Criticism
Early online date16 Mar 2020
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 16 Mar 2020


While religious pluralism is often regarded as a defining aspect of western liberal democracies, the mix of different religious and cultural identities has raised specific challenges for liberal democracies in Europe. Many religious communities, especially Muslim groups, face criticisms of seeking religious exceptionalism within legal structures which are largely secular. This article reflects on the tension between the state’s commitment to upholding cultural diversity as a democratic good and the limits of social and legal pluralism.

    Research areas

  • EU, law, liberal democracy, multiculturalism, Muslim, values

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