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Remodeling of the fission yeast Cdc42 cell polarity module via the Sty1 p38 stress-activated protein kinase pathway

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    Rights statement: © 2016 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).

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    Licence: Creative Commons: Attribution (CC-BY)

  • Download as Adobe PDF

    Rights statement: © 2016 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).

    Final published version, 2 MB, PDF-document

    Licence: Creative Commons: Attribution (CC-BY)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-8
Number of pages8
JournalCurrent Biology
Volume26
Issue number21
Early online date13 Oct 2016
DOIs
StatePublished - 16 Nov 2016

Abstract

The Rho-family GTPase Cdc42 is a key regulator of eukaryotic cellular organization and cell polarity [1]. In fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe, active Cdc42 and associated effectors and regulators (the “Cdc42 polarity module”) coordinate polarized growth at cell tips by controlling the actin cytoskeleton and exocytosis [2-4]. Localization of the Cdc42 polarity module to cell tips is thus critical for its function. Here we show that the fission yeast stress-activated protein kinase Sty1, a homolog of mammalian p38 MAP kinase, regulates localization of the Cdc42 polarity module. In wild-type cells, treatment with latrunculin A, a drug that leads to actin depolymerization, induces dispersal of the Cdc42 module from cell tips and cessation of polarized growth [5, 6]. We show that latrunculin A treatment also activates the Sty1 MAP kinase pathway, and strikingly we find that loss of Sty1 MAP kinase signaling prevents Latrunculin A-induced dispersal of the Cdc42 module, allowing polarized growth even in complete absence of the actin cytoskeleton. Regulation of the Cdc42 module by Sty1 is independent of Sty1’s role in stressinduced gene expression. We also describe a system for activation of Sty1 kinase “on demand” in the absence of any external stress and use this to show that Sty1 activation alone is sufficient to disperse the Cdc42 module from cell tips in otherwise unperturbed cells. During nitrogen starvation-induced quiescence, inhibition of Sty1 converts non-growing, depolarized cells into growing, polarized cells. Our results place MAP kinase Sty1 as an important physiological regulator of the Cdc42 polarity module.

    Research areas

  • Cdc42, MAP kinase, Schizosaccharomyces pombe, Sty1, actin, cell polarity, fission yeast, latrunculin, stress, yeast

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