Edinburgh Research Explorer

REPRINT: Good laboratory practice: Preventing introduction of bias at the bench

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  • Malcolm R. Macleod
  • Marc Fisher
  • Victoria O'collins
  • Emily S. Sena
  • Ulrich Dirnagl
  • Philip M.W. Bath
  • Alistair Buchan
  • H. Bart Van Der Worp
  • Richard J. Traystman
  • Kazuo Minematsu
  • Geoffrey A. Donnan
  • David W. Howells

Related Edinburgh Organisations

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3-5
Number of pages3
JournalInternational Journal of Stroke
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 25 Feb 2009


As a research community, we have failed to demonstrate that drugs that show substantial efficacy in animal models of cerebral ischemia can also improve outcome in human stroke. Accumulating evidence suggests that this may be due, at least in part, to problems in the design, conduct and reporting of animal experiments, which create a systematic bias resulting in the overstatement of neuroprotective efficacy. Here, we set out a series of measures to reduce bias in the design, conduct and reporting of animal experiments modeling human stroke.

    Research areas

  • Animal experiments, Animal models, Cerebral ischemia, Good practice, Neuroprotective efficacy, Reporting

ID: 3243946