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Resolving the evolution of extant and extinct ruminants with high-throughput phylogenomics

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  • J.E. Decker
  • C. Pires
  • G.C. Conant
  • S.D. McKay
  • M.P. Heaton
  • J. Vilkki
  • C.M. Seabury
  • A.R. Caetano
  • G.S. Johnson
  • R.A. Brenneman
  • O. Hanotte
  • L.S. Eggert
  • J.J. Kim
  • K.S. Kim
  • T.S. Sonstegard
  • C.P. Van Tassell
  • H.L. Neibergs
  • K. Chen
  • A. Cooper
  • J.C. McEwan
  • R. Brauning
  • L.L. Coutinho
  • M.E. Babar
  • G.A. Wilson
  • M.C. McLure
  • M.M. Rolf
  • J.W. Kim
  • R.D. Schnabel
  • J.F. Taylor

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http://www.pnas.org/content/106/44/18644
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)18644-18649
Number of pages6
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Volume106
Issue number44
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2009

Abstract

The Pecorans (higher ruminants) are believed to have rapidly speciated in the Mid-Eocene, resulting in five distinct extant families: Antilocapridae, Giraffidae, Moschidae, Cervidae, and Bovidae. Due to the rapid radiation, the Pecoran phylogeny has proven difficult to resolve, and 11 of the 15 possible rooted phylogenies describing ancestral relationships among the Antilocapridae, Giraffidae, Cervidae, and Bovidae have each been argued as representations of the true phylogeny. Here we demonstrate that a genome-wide single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) genotyping platform designed for one species can be used to genotype ancient DNA from an extinct species and DNA from species diverged up to 29 million years ago and that the produced genotypes can be used to resolve the phylogeny for this rapidly radiated infraorder. We used a high-throughput assay with 54,693 SNP loci developed for Bos taurus taurus to rapidly genotype 678 individuals representing 61 Pecoran species. We produced a highly resolved phylogeny for this diverse group based upon 40,843 genome-wide SNP, which is five times as many informative characters as have previously been analyzed. We also establish a method to amplify and screen genomic information from extinct species, and place Bison priscus within the Bovidae. The quality of genotype calls and the placement of samples within a well-supported phylogeny may provide an important test for validating the fidelity and integrity of ancient samples. Finally, we constructed a phylogenomic network to accurately describe the relationships between 48 cattle breeds and facilitate inferences concerning the history of domestication and breed formation

    Research areas

  • cattle domestication high-throughput SNP genotyping pecoran phylogeny Animals Biological Evolution Breeding DNA/analysis/genetics Extinction, Biological Fossils Genomics/ methods Genotype Phylogeny Ruminants/ genetics

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