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Sample Distortion for Compressed Imaging

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6431 - 6442
JournalIEEE Transactions on Signal Processing
Volume61
Issue number24
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Abstract

We propose the notion of a sample distortion (SD) function for independent and identically distributed (i.i.d) compressive distributions to fundamentally quantify the achievable reconstruction performance of compressed sensing for certain
encoder-decoder pairs at a given sampling ratio. Two lower bounds on the achievable performance and the intrinsic convexity property is derived. A zeroing procedure is then introduced to improve non convex SD functions. The SD framework is then applied to analyse compressed imaging with a multi-resolution statistical image model using both the generalized Gaussian distribution and the two-state Gaussian mixture distribution. We
subsequently focus on the Gaussian encoder-Bayesian optimal approximate message passing (AMP) decoder pair, whose theoretical SD function is provided by the rigorous analysis of the AMP algorithm. Given the image statistics, analytic bandwise sample allocation for bandwise independent model is derived as a reverse water-filling scheme. Som and Schniter’s turbo message passing
approach is further deployed to integrate the bandwise sampling with the exploitation of the hidden Markov tree structure of wavelet coefficients. Natural image simulations confirm that with oracle image statistics, the SD function associated with the optimized sample allocation can accurately predict the possible compressed sensing gains. Finally, a general sample allocation
profile based on average image statistics not only illustrates preferable performance but also makes the scheme practical.

    Research areas

  • sample distortion function, bandwise sampling, compressed sensing

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