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School Reform and Opportunity throughout the Lifecourse: The Lothian Birth Cohort 1936

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    Rights statement: This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in School effectiveness and school improvement, on 02/01/2014, available online: http://wwww.tandfonline.com/10.1080/09243453.2013.772903. Paterson, L., Gow, A., & Deary, I. (2014). School Reform and Opportunity throughout the Lifecourse: The Lothian Birth Cohort 1936. School effectiveness and school improvement, 25(1), 105-125.

    Accepted author manuscript, 288 KB, Word document

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)105-125
Number of pages21
JournalSchool effectiveness and school improvement
Issue number1
Early online date18 Mar 2013
Publication statusPublished - 2 Jan 2014


The long-term effects of secondary-school reforms in the first half of the twentieth century are investigated through the long-term follow-up of a sample of people born in Scotland in 1936 who were first surveyed in 1947. Members of the sample who were living in the Lothian region of Scotland were re-interviewed in 2004-07, providing information about their occupational status and educational achievement. The occupational status and educational attainment of respondents’ parents were collected in the follow-up, as was information about school attended by respondents. Respondents completed the same intelligence test as they sat in 1947. The main research question is whether attempts by policy makers in the early-twentieth century to widen access to secondary schooling had long-term effects on the social distribution of educational and occupational opportunities.

    Research areas

  • School reform, Scotland, Multi-level modelling, Long-term follow up, Longitudinal survey

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