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Separable features of visual cortical plasticity revealed by N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor 2A signaling

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  • Michela Fagiolini
  • Hiroyuki Katagiri
  • Hiroyuki Miyamoto
  • Hisashi Mori
  • Seth G N Grant
  • Masayoshi Mishina
  • Takao K Hensch

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2854-9
Number of pages6
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Volume100
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 4 Mar 2003

Abstract

How individual receptive field properties are formed in the maturing sensory neocortex remains largely unknown. The shortening of N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptor currents by 2A subunit (NR2A) insertion has been proposed to delimit the critical period for experience-dependent refinement of circuits in visual cortex. In mice engineered to maintain prolonged NMDA responses by targeted deletion of NR2A, the sensitivity to monocular deprivation was surprisingly weakened but restricted to the typical critical period and delayed normally by dark rearing from birth. Orientation preference instead failed to mature, occluding further effects of dark rearing. Interestingly, a full ocular dominance plasticity (but not orientation bias) was selectively restored by enhanced inhibition, reflecting an imbalanced excitation in the absence of NR2A. Many of the downstream pathways involved in NMDA signaling are coupled to the receptor through a variety of protein-protein interactions and adaptor molecules. To further investigate a mechanistic dissociation of receptive field properties in the developing visual system, mice carrying a targeted disruption of the NR2A-associated 95-kDa postsynaptic density (PSD95) scaffolding protein were analyzed. Although the development and plasticity of ocular dominance was unaffected, orientation preference again failed to mature in these mice. Taken together, our results demonstrate that the cellular basis generating individual sensory response properties is separable in the developing neocortex.

    Research areas

  • Animals, Blotting, Western, Diazepam, Electrophysiology, Guanylate Kinase, Heterozygote, Homozygote, Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins, Membrane Proteins, Mice, Mice, Inbred C57BL, Mice, Transgenic, Nerve Tissue Proteins, Receptors, N-Methyl-D-Aspartate, Signal Transduction, Time Factors, Visual Cortex

ID: 8485280