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Simultaneous pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic analysis of 5α-reductase inhibitors and androgens by liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)728-735
Number of pages8
Early online date14 Aug 2014
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2015


Benign prostatic hyperplasia and prostate cancer can be treated with the 5α-reductase inhibitors, finasteride and dutasteride, when pharmacodynamic biomarkers are useful in assessing response. A novel method was developed to measure the substrates and products of 5α-reductases (testosterone, 5α-dihydrotestosterone (DHT), androstenedione) and finasteride and dutasteride simultaneously by liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry, using an ABSciex QTRAP® 5500, with a Waters Acquity™ UPLC. Analytes were extracted from serum (500 µL) via solid-phase extraction (Oasis® HLB), with 13C3-labelled androgens and d9-finasteride included as internal standards. Analytes were separated on a Kinetex C18 column (150×3 mm, 2.6 µm), using a gradient run of 19 minutes. Temporal resolution of analytes from naturally occurring isomers and mass+2 isotopomers was ensured. Protonated molecular ions were detected in atmospheric pressure chemical ionisation mode and source conditions optimised for DHT, the least abundant analyte. Multiple reaction monitoring was performed as follows: testosterone (m/z 289→97), DHT (m/z 291→255), androstenedione (m/z 287→97), dutasteride (m/z 529→461), finasteride (m/z 373→317). Validation parameters (intra- and inter-assay precision and accuracy, linearity, limits of quantitation) were within acceptable ranges and biological extracts were stable for 28 days. Finally the method was employed in men treated with finasteride or dutasteride; levels of DHT were lowered by both drugs and furthermore the substrate concentrations increased. Extent of suppression of DHT correlated with dutasteride concentrations but not those of finasteride.

    Research areas

  • Testosterone, Dihydrotestosterone, 5 alpha-reductase, Dutasteride, Finasteride, Liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry, BENIGN PROSTATIC HYPERPLASIA, HUMAN PLASMA, STEROID 5-ALPHA-REDUCTASE, HUMAN SERUM, CANCER PREVENTION, FINASTERIDE, DUTASTERIDE, DIHYDROTESTOSTERONE, TESTOSTERONE, ASSAY

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