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Spectrum of the product of independent random Gaussian matrices

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http://pre.aps.org/abstract/PRE/v81/i4/e041132
Original languageEnglish
Article number041132
Number of pages12
JournalPhysical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear and Soft Matter Physics
Volume81
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2010

Abstract

We show that the eigenvalue density of a product X=X1X2 ... X-M of M independent N x N Gaussian random matrices in the limit N > infinity is rotationally symmetric in the complex plane and is given by a simple expression rho(z, (z) over bar) = 1/M pi(sigma-2/M) vertical bar z vertical bar(-2+(2/M)) for vertical bar z vertical bar <= sigma, and is zero for vertical bar z vertical bar > sigma. The parameter sigma corresponds to the radius of the circular support and is related to the amplitude of the Gaussian fluctuations. This form of the eigenvalue density is highly universal. It is identical for products of Gaussian Hermitian, non-Hermitian, and real or complex random matrices. It does not change even if the matrices in the product are taken from different Gaussian ensembles. We present a self-contained derivation of this result using a planar diagrammatic technique. Additionally, we conjecture that this distribution also holds for any matrices whose elements are independent centered random variables with a finite variance or even more generally for matrices which fulfill Pastur-Lindeberg's condition. We provide a numerical evidence supporting this conjecture.

    Research areas

  • STATISTICAL THEORY, COMPLEX SYSTEMS, ENERGY LEVELS, CHAOTIC SCATTERING, RANDOM-VARIABLES, ENSEMBLES, MODELS, SUPERSYMMETRY, EIGENVALUES, DENSITY

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