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Squeezing Oil into Water under Pressure: Inverting the Hydrophobic Effect

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  • Ciprian G Pruteanu
  • Victor Naden Robinson
  • Narjes Ansari
  • Ali Hassanali
  • Sandro Scandolo
  • J. S. Loveday

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4826-4833
Number of pages8
JournalThe Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
Volume11
Issue number12
Early online date4 Jun 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 18 Jun 2020

Abstract

The molecular structure of dense homogeneous uid water-methane mixtures has been determined for the first time using high-pressure neutron-scattering techniques at 1.7 and 2.2 GPa. A mixed state with a fully H-bonded water network is revealed. The hydration shell of the methane molecules is however revealed to be pressure dependent with an increase in the water co-ordination between 1.7 and 2.2 GPa. In parallel, abinitio molecular dynamics simulations have been performed to provide insight into the microscopic mechanisms associated with the phenomenon of mixing. These calculations reproduce the observed phase change from phase separation to mixing with increasing pressure. The calculations also reproduce the experimentally observed structural
properties. Unexpectedly, the simulations show mixing is accompanied by a subtle enhancement of the polarization of methane. Our results highlight the key role played by fine electronic effects on miscibility and the need to re-adjust our fundamental understanding of hydrophobicity to account for these.

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