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Standing wave in evaporating meniscus detected by infrared thermography

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Original languageEnglish
Article number041606
Number of pages4
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Volume107
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 27 Jul 2015

Abstract

A standing wave has been detected in the evaporating meniscus formed on an organic liquid (acetone) inside a horizontally positioned capillary tube of 1 mm internal diameter. The standing wave is believed to originate from the interaction between surface tension and gravitational forces. We found that the standing wave ensues only at the upper part of the meniscus interface where gravity and surface tension act in the opposite direction. This experimental observation is similar to standing waves observed in floating zones in microgravity but different from travelling waves reported recently in volatile drops; in both cases the waves are produced by temperature differences along a liquid-vapour interface. By employing InfraRed thermography, we recorded the temperature distribution of the meniscus interface, and we found that the first characteristic frequency of the standing wave is around 0.3 Hz. (C) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC.

    Research areas

  • OSCILLATORY THERMOCAPILLARY CONVECTION, SURFACE-TENSION, PART 1, INSTABILITIES, MICROGRAVITY, LAYERS

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