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Strategies for cell manipulation and skeletal tissue engineering using high-throughput polymer blend formulation and microarray techniques

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2216-2228
Number of pages13
JournalBiomaterials
Volume31
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2010

Abstract

A combination of high-throughput material formulation and microarray techniques were synergistically applied for the efficient analysis of the biological functionality of 135 binary polymer blends. This allowed the identification of cell-compatible biopolymers permissive for human skeletal stem cell growth in both in vitro and in vivo applications. The blended polymeric materials were developed from commercially available, inexpensive and well characterised biodegradable polymers, which on their own lacked both the structural requirements of a scaffold material and, critically, the ability to facilitate cell growth. Blends identified here proved excellent templates for cell attachment, and in addition, a number of blends displayed remarkable bone-like architecture and facilitated bone regeneration by providing 3D biomimetic scaffolds for skeletal cell growth and osteogenic differentiation. This study demonstrates a unique strategy to generate and identify innovative materials with widespread application in cell biology as well as offering a new reparative platform strategy applicable to skeletal tissues. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

    Research areas

  • Polymer blends, Scaffolds, Tissue regeneration, Skeletal stem cells, ENDOTHELIAL GROWTH-FACTOR, IN-VITRO DEGRADATION, OSTEOBLAST DIFFERENTIATION, MECHANICAL-PROPERTIES, BIOACTIVE MATERIALS, BONE-FORMATION, DRUG-DELIVERY, GENE DELIVERY, STROMAL CELLS, STEM-CELLS

ID: 1479152