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Survival of Deinococcus radiodurans Against Laboratory-Simulated Solar Wind Charged Particles

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  • Ivan Glaucio Paulino-Lima
  • Eduardo Janot-Pacheco
  • Douglas Galante
  • Charles Cockell
  • Karen Olsson-Francis
  • John Robert Brucato
  • Giuseppe Antonio Baratta
  • Giovanni Strazzulla
  • Tony Merrigan
  • Robert McCullough
  • Nigel Mason
  • Claudia Lage

Related Edinburgh Organisations

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)875-882
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Astrobiology
Volume11
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2011

Abstract

In this experimental study, cells of the radiation-resistant bacterium Deinococcus radiodurans were exposed to several different sources of radiation chosen to replicate the charged particles found in the solar wind. Naked cells or cells mixed with dust grains (basalt or sandstone) differing in elemental composition were exposed to electrons, protons, and ions to determine the probability of cell survival after irradiation. Doses necessary to reduce the viability of cell population to 10% (LD10) were determined under different experimental conditions. The results of this study indicate that low-energy particle radiation (2-4 keV), typically present in the slow component of the solar wind, had no effect on dehydrated cells, even if exposed at fluences only reached in more than 1000 years at Sun-Earth distance (1 AU). Higher-energy ions (200 keV) found in solar flares would inactivate 90% of exposed cells after several events in less than 1 year at 1 AU. When mixed with dust grains, LD10 increases about 10-fold. These results show that, compared to the highly deleterious effects of UV radiation, solar wind charged particles are relatively benign, and organisms protected under grains from UV radiation would also be protected from the charged particles considered in this study.

    Research areas

  • Laboratory simulation experiments, Interplanetary dust, Radiation physics, Extremophilic microorganisms, MARTIAN METEORITE DELIVERY, IONIZING-RADIATION, BACILLUS-SUBTILIS, ION IRRADIATION, SPACE, MICROORGANISMS, BOMBARDMENT, SPORES, MODEL, EARTH

ID: 1500844