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Swansong biospheres II: the final signs of life on terrestrial planets near the end of their habitable lifetimes

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)229-243
Number of pages15
JournalInternational Journal of Astrobiology
Volume13
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2014

Abstract

The biosignatures of life on Earth do not remain static, but change considerably over the planet's habitable lifetime. Earth's future biosphere, much like that of the early Earth, will consist of predominantly unicellular microorganisms due to the increased hostility of environmental conditions caused by the Sun as it enters the late stage of its main sequence evolution. Building on previous work, the productivity of the biosphere is evaluated during different stages of biosphere decline between 1 and 2.8 Gyr from present. A simple atmosphere-biosphere interaction model is used to estimate the atmospheric biomarker gas abundances at each stage and to assess the likelihood of remotely detecting the presence of life in low-productivity, microbial biospheres, putting an upper limit on the lifetime of Earth's remotely detectable biosignatures. Other potential biosignatures such as leaf reflectance and cloud cover are discussed. Received 13 August 2013, accepted 16 October 2013, first published online 14 January 2014

    Research areas

  • biosignatures, climate, Earth, exoplanets, habitability, solar evolution, ANOXIC MARINE-SEDIMENTS, MAIN-SEQUENCE STARS, LEAF-AREA INDEX, CARBON-MONOXIDE, METHANE OXIDATION, THIOBACILLUS-FERROOXIDANS, MICROBIAL OXIDATION, OXIDIZING BACTERIA, FERROUS IRON, FERRIC IRON

ID: 21169173