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Teachers’ Reflection on their Agency for Change (TRAC): A tool for teacher development and professional inquiry

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Original languageEnglish
JournalTeacher Development
Early online date8 Jan 2021
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 8 Jan 2021


Claims about teachers’ potential to influence change tend to overlook that educational outcomes arise from complex, situated practices of many actors including teachers. This paper introduces a tool for Teachers’ Reflection on their Agency for Change (TRAC) for empirical analysis of teaching as a collective activity designed to ‘track’ the diverse outcomes of teacher agency, including but not limited to student attainment, while accounting for the relational and institutional contexts. Activity Theory is applied to map purposes and contexts of teacher agency. Uses of TRAC in research and professional development are illustrated with an example of one teacher’s reflection during her collaboration with researchers on a change project aimed at ‘closing the attainment gap’. Inclusive Pedagogy is used as an interpretative lens to discuss agency in relation to its specific purpose and context. The paper offers guidance for future uses of TRAC to consider teachers’ impact on any change agenda.

    Research areas

  • teacher agency, teacher reflection, educational change, inclusive pedagogy, teacher education, collaborative research

ID: 165440353