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Tensor decomposition of TMS-induced EEG oscillations reveals data-driven profiles of antiepileptic drug effects

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https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-019-53565-9
Original languageEnglish
Article number17057
Number of pages11
JournalScientific Reports
Volume9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 19 Nov 2019

Abstract

Background: Transcranial magnetic stimulation combined with electroencephalography (TMS-EEG) is a powerful tool to probe human cortical excitability. The EEG response to TMS stimulation is altered by drugs active in the brain, with characteristic “fingerprints” obtained for drugs of known mechanisms of action. However, the extraction of specific features related to drug effects is not always straightforward as the complex TMS-EEG induced response profile is multi-dimensional, indexed over space, time, frequency, subjects and drug conditions. Analytical approaches can rely on a-priori assumptions within each dimension or on the implementation of cluster-based permutations which do not require preselection of specific limits but may be problematic when several experimental conditions are tested.
Methods: We here propose an alternative data-driven approach based on PARAFAC tensor decomposition, which provides a parsimonious description of the main profiles underlying the multidimensional data. We validated reliability of PARAFAC on TMS-induced oscillations before extracting the features of two common anti-epileptic drugs (levetiracetam and lamotrigine) in an integrated manner.
Results: PARAFAC revealed an effect of both drugs, significantly suppressing oscillations in the alpha range in the occipital region. Further, this effect was stronger under the intake of levetiracetam.
Conclusions: This study demonstrates, for the first time, that PARAFAC can easily disentangle the effects of subject, drug condition, frequency, time and space in TMS-induced oscillations.

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