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The adequate corpus luteum: miR-96 promotes luteal cell survival and progesterone production

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2188-2198
JournalJournal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism
Volume102
Issue number7
Early online date20 Mar 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2017

Abstract

Context: Inadequate progesterone production from the corpus luteum is associated with pregnancy loss. Data available in model species suggest important roles of miRNAs in luteal development and maintenance.

Objective: To comprehensively investigate the involvement of miRNAs during the ovarian follicle- luteal transition

Design: The effects of specific miRNAs on survival and steroid production by human luteinized granulosa cells (hLGCs) were tested using specific miRNA inhibitors. Candidate miRNAs were first identified through microarray analyses of follicular and luteal tissues in a bovine model.

Setting: UK academic institution associated with teaching hospital

Patients or other participants: hLGCs were obtained by standard transvaginal follicular fluid aspiration from 35 women undergoing assisted conception

Intervention(s): Inhibition of candidate miRNAs in vitro

Main outcome measure(s): Levels of miRNAs, mRNAs, FOXO1 protein, apoptosis and steroids were measured in tissues and/or cultured cells.

Results: Two specific miRNA clusters, miR-183-96-182 and miR-212-132, were dramatically increased in luteal relative to follicular tissues. miR-96 and miR-132 were the most upregulated miRNAs within each cluster. Database analyses identified FOXO1 as a putative target of both these miRNAs. In cultured hLGCs, inhibition of miR-96 increased apoptosis and FOXO1 protein levels, and decreased progesterone production. These effects were prevented by siRNA-mediated downregulation of FOXO1. In bovine luteal cells, miR-96 inhibition also led to increases in apoptosis and FOXO1 protein levels.

Conclusions: miR-96 targets FOXO1 to regulate luteal development through effects on cell survival and steroid production. The miR-183-96-182 cluster could provide a novel target for the manipulation of luteal function.

    Research areas

  • miRNA, miR-96, ovary, progesterone, FOXO1, luteal cells, luteinized granulosa cells

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