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The Emerging Role of the c-MET-HGF Axis in Non-small Lung Cancer Tumor Immunology and Immunotherapy

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Original languageEnglish
Article number54
JournalFrontiers in Oncology
Volume10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 6 Feb 2020

Abstract

Study of the c-Met-HGF axis in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) has focused on the roles of c-MET signaling in neoplastic epithelial cells and the secretion of its ligand hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) by tumor stromal cells. However, there is increasing evidence that some leukocyte sub-sets also express c-MET raising the possibility of an immunomodulatory role for this axis. Consequently, the role of the c-MET- HGF axis in immunoncology is an active area of ongoing research. This review summarizes current knowledge of c-MET expression in NSCLC, the prognostic significance of these findings and the mechanisms by which the c-MET-HGF axis might act in NSCLC, focusing on the emerging evidence for an immunoregulatory role.

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