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The influence of enrollment criteria on recruitment and outcome distribution in traumatic brain injury studies: results from the impact study

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1069-75
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Neurotrauma
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2009


Substantial heterogeneity exists among patients who suffer from traumatic brain injury (TBI). Strict enrollment criteria may diminish heterogeneity in randomized controlled trials (RCTs), but will also decrease recruitment and may affect the outcome distribution. The aim of this study was to investigate the influences of commonly used enrollment criteria for RCTs in TBI on potential recruitment and on outcome distribution. We used individual patient data from the International Mission on Prognosis and Analysis of Clinical Trials in TBI (IMPACT) database, including six therapeutic phase III RCTs (n = 5816) and three surveys (n = 2217) in TBI. The primary outcome was the Glasgow Outcome Scale (GOS) at 6 months after injury, which we dichotomized as favorable/unfavorable. We investigated the influences of commonly used enrollment criteria on recruitment and outcome distribution: time window between injury and admission to study hospital or= 1 reactive pupil; motor score > 1; Glasgow Coma Scale

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