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The SLUGGS survey: multipopulation dynamical modelling of the elliptical galaxy NGC 1407 from stars and globular clusters

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  • Vincenzo Pota
  • Aaron J. Romanowsky
  • Jean P. Brodie
  • Jorge Penarrubia
  • Duncan A. Forbes
  • Nicola R. Napolitano
  • Caroline Foster
  • Matthew G. Walker
  • Jay Strader
  • Joel C. Roediger

Related Edinburgh Organisations

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3345-3358
Number of pages14
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume450
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2015

Abstract

We perform in-depth dynamical modelling of the luminous and dark matter (DM) content of the elliptical galaxy NGC 1407. Our strategy consists of solving the spherical Jeans equations for three independent dynamical tracers: stars, blue globular clusters (GCs) and red GCs in a self-consistent manner. We adopt a maximum-likelihood Markov Chain Monte Carlo fitting technique in the attempt to constrain the inner slope of the DM density profile (the cusp/core problem), and the stellar initial mass function (IMF) of the galaxy. We find the inner logarithmic slope of the DM density profiles to be gamma = 0.6 +/- A 0.4, which is consistent with either a DM cusp (gamma A = 1) or with a DM core (gamma A = 0). Our findings are consistent with a Salpeter IMF, and marginally consistent with a Kroupa IMF. We infer tangential orbits for the blue GCs, and radial anisotropy for red GCs and stars. The modelling results are consistent with the virial mass-concentration relation predicted by I > cold dark matter (CDM) simulations. The virial mass of NGC 1407 is log M-vir = 13.3 +/- A 0.2M(aS (TM)), whereas the stellar mass is log M-* = 11.8 +/- A 0.1 M-aS (TM). The overall uncertainties on the mass of NGC 1407 are only 5 per cent at the projected stellar effective radius. We attribute the disagreement between our results and previous X-ray results to the gas not being in hydrostatic equilibrium in the central regions of the galaxy. The halo of NGC 1407 is found be DM-dominated, with a dynamical mass-to-light ratio of =260_{-100}boolean AND{+174}. However, this value can be larger up to a factor of 3 depending on the assumed prior on the DM scale radius.

    Research areas

  • galaxies: evolution, galaxies: kinematics and dynamics, INITIAL MASS FUNCTION, TO-LIGHT RATIO, PLANETARY-NEBULA KINEMATICS, DWARF SPHEROIDAL GALAXIES, INTERACTING DARK-MATTER, X-RAY, STELLAR HALO, COSMOLOGICAL SIMULATIONS, DENSITY PROFILES, METALLICITY GRADIENTS

ID: 21459451