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The vicinity of an equilibrium three-phase contact line using density functional theory: Density profiles normal to the fluid interface

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

  • Andreas Nold
  • Luis Gonzalez MacDowell
  • David N. Sibley
  • Benjamin Goddard
  • Serafim Kalliadasis

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2239-2243
Number of pages6
JournalMolecular Physics
Issue number17
Early online date27 May 2018
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2018


The paper by Nold et al. [Phys. Fluids, 26, 072001 (2014)] examined density profiles and the micro-scale structure of an equilibrium three-phase (liquid-vapour-solid) contact line in the immediate vicinity of the wall using elements from the statistical mechanics of classical fluids, namely density-functional theory. The present research note, building on the above work, further contributes to our understanding of the micro-scale structure of a contact line by quantifying the strong dependence of the liquid-vapour density profile on the normal distance to the interface, as compared to the dependence on the vertical distance to the substrate. A recent study by Benet et al. [J. Phys. Chem. C, 22079 (2014)] has shown that this could explain the emergence of a film-height dependent surface tension close to the wall, with implications for the Frumkin-Derjaguin theory.

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