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The Young L Dwarf 2MASS J11193254-1137466 Is a Planetary-mass Binary

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Original languageEnglish
Article numberL4
JournalAstrophysical Journal Letters
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 23 Jun 2017


We have discovered that the extremely red, low-gravity L7. dwarf 2MASS J11193254-1137466 is a 0.'' 14 (3.6 au) binary using Keck laser guide star adaptive optics imaging. 2MASS J11193254-1137466 has previously been identified as a likely member of the TW Hydrae Association (TWA). Using our updated photometric distance and proper motion, a kinematic analysis based on the BANYAN II model gives an 82% probability of TWA membership. At TWA's 10 +/- 3 Myr age and using hot-start evolutionary models, 2MASS J11193254-1137466AB is a pair of 3.7(-0.9)(+1.2) M-Jup brown dwarfs, making it the lowest-mass binary discovered to date. We estimate an orbital period of 90(-50)(+80) years. One component is marginally brighter in K band but fainter in J band, making this a probable flux-reversal binary, the first discovered with such a young age. We also imaged the spectrally similar TWA L7 dwarf WISEA J114724.10-204021.3 with Keck and found no sign of binarity. Our evolutionary model-derived T-eff estimate for WISEA J114724.10-204021.3 is approximate to 230 K higher than for 2MASS J11193254-1137466AB, at odds with the spectral similarity of the two objects. This discrepancy suggests that WISEA J114724.10-204021.3 may actually be a tight binary with masses and temperatures very similar to 2MASS J11193254-1137466AB, or further supporting the idea that near-infrared spectra of young ultracool dwarfs are shaped by factors other than temperature and gravity. 2MASS J11193254-1137466AB will be an essential benchmark for testing evolutionary and atmospheric models in the young planetary-mass regime.

    Research areas

  • binaries: close, brown dwarfs, stars: individual (2MASS J11193254-1137466, WISEA J114724.10-204021.3)

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