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Ultra-small superparamagnetic particles of iron oxide in magnetic resonance imaging of cardiovascular disease

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)99-112
JournalJournal of Vascular Diagnostics
Publication statusPublished - 3 Oct 2014


Abstract: Ultra-small superparamagnetic particles of iron oxide (USPIO) are iron-oxide based contrast agents that enhance and complement in vivo magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) by shortening T1, T2, and T2* relaxation times. USPIO can be employed to provide immediate blood pool contrast, or to act as subsequent markers of cellular inflammation through uptake by inflammatory cells. They can also be targeted to specific cell-surface markers using antibody or ligand labeling. This review will discuss the application of USPIO contrast in MRI studies of cardiovascular disease.

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