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Untreated clinical course of cerebral cavernous malformations: a prospective, population-based cohort study

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  • Rustam Al-Shahi Salman
  • Julie M Hall
  • Margaret A Horne
  • Fiona Moultrie
  • Colin B Josephson
  • Jo J Bhattacharya
  • Carl E Counsell
  • Gordon D Murray
  • Vakis Papanastassiou
  • Vaughn Ritchie
  • Richard C Roberts
  • Robin J Sellar
  • Charles P Warlow
  • Scottish Audit of Intracranial Vascular Malformations (SAIVMs) collaborators

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)217-224
Number of pages8
JournalLancet Neurology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2012


Cerebral cavernous malformations (CCMs) are prone to bleeding but the risk of intracranial haemorrhage and focal neurological deficits, and the factors that might predict their occurrence, are unclear. We aimed to quantify these risks and investigate whether they are affected by sex and CCM location.

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