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Viscosity measurement from microscale convection at high pressure and temperature

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Original languageEnglish
Article number144202
JournalPhysical Review B: Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Issue number14
Publication statusPublished - 13 Apr 2020


Measurements of induced thermal convection have been used to study uid viscosity at simultaneous high pressure and temperature conditions. Direct observations of ow were made by tracking entrained particles in samples melted by laser heating during high pressure confinement. Finite element models confirmed thermal convection as the origin of the detected motions, and were refined to assess the uid viscosity. Observations of flow in ethanol partially melted in the laser-heated diamond anvil cell at 2-3 GPa point to a sharply rising viscosity at room temperature above the equilibrium solidification pressure, similar to that seen previously in methanol. The analysis shows that measurement of viscosity from convective flow in laser-heated uids under static pressure is a promising strategy to determine viscosity at ultra-high pressures, where high melting temperatures and small samples preclude application of traditional viscometric techniques. The data confirm theoretical predictions of detectable natural convection at ultra-low Rayleigh number (Ra <<1) in a microscopic system having sufficiently large temperature gradients.

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