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WhiteHaul: An Efficient Spectrum Aggregation System for Low-Cost and High Capacity Backhaul over White Spaces

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 18th International Conference on Mobile Systems, Applications, and Services
PublisherAssociation for Computing Machinery (ACM)
Number of pages14
ISBN (Electronic)9781450379540
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jun 2020
Event18th ACM International Conference on Mobile Systems, Applications, and Services - Toronto, Canada
Duration: 15 Jun 202019 Jun 2020
Conference number: 18


Conference18th ACM International Conference on Mobile Systems, Applications, and Services
Abbreviated titleMobiSys 2020
Internet address


We address the challenge of backhaul connectivity for rural and developing regions, which is essential for universal fixed/mobile Internet access. To this end, we propose to exploit the TV white space (TVWS) spectrum for its attractive properties: low cost, abundance in under-served regions and favorable propagation characteristics. Specifically, we propose a system called WhiteHaul for the efficient aggregation of the TVWS spectrum tailored for the backhaul use case. At the core of WhiteHaul are two key innovations: (i) a TVWS conversion substrate that can efficiently handle multiple non-contiguous chunks of TVWS spectrum using multiple low cost 802.11n/ac cards but with a single antenna; (ii) novel use of MPTCP as a link-level tunnel abstraction and its use for efficiently aggregating multiple chunks of the TVWS spectrum via a novel uncoupled, cross-layer congestion control algorithm. Through extensive evaluations using a prototype implementation of WhiteHaul, we show that: (a) WhiteHaul can aggregate almost the whole of TV band with 3 interfaces and achieve nearly 600Mbps TCP throughput; (b) the WhiteHaul MPTCP congestion control algorithm provides an order of magnitude improvement over state of the art algorithms for typical TVWS backhaul links. We also present additional measurement and simulation based results to evaluate other aspects of the WhiteHaul design.

    Research areas

  • Universal Internet access, Rural connectivity, Backhaul, TV whitespace spectrum, Spectrum aggregation, Multipath TCP


18th ACM International Conference on Mobile Systems, Applications, and Services


Toronto, Canada

Event: Conference

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