Edinburgh Research Explorer

Prof Pankaj Pankaj

Personal Chair of Computational Biomechanics

Profile photo
Phone: +44 (0)131 650 5800

Willingness to take Ph.D. students: Yes

Education/Academic qualification

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD), University of Wales
Finite Element Analysis in Strain Softening and Localisation Problems


Professor Pankaj obtained his undergraduate degree in Civil Engineering from Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi, masters from Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee and PhD from University of Wales Swansea. He is the Deputy Head of the Institute for Bioengineering at Edinburgh University. He established and leads the Orthopaedic Biomechanics research group (~15 members). He has research collaborations with universities around the globe and his research has been supported by international organisations, the industry and UK funding councils. Research supervised by him has received a number of awards: best medical engineering PhD from Institution of Mechanical Engineers; Robertson Medal from the Carnegie Trust in Scotland; Vicon prize for the best Medical Engineering Project; and best paper award at the 2011 International Conference of Systems Biology and Bioengineering.

Research Interests

My principal expertise has been in the area of nonlinear computational structural and solid mechanics to model complex mechanical behaviour of materials. I have developed new constitutive models and finite element algorithms. I am also interested in lab experiments to support and validate my research. I have been actively involved in the development of closed-form solutions, numerical algorithms and benchmark tests in elastoplasticity. One of the major successful application areas of my expertise is mechanics of musculoskeletal and cardiovascular systems. We are one of the leading international groups in the area of simulating nonlinear micromechanical behaviour of bone. My current research interests are:

  • Micro-mechanics of bone and its micro-architecture. We aim to develop techniques for prediction of bone mechanical properties from imaging for diagnoses and numerical modelling.

  • Development of models to predict time dependent behaviour of bone

  • Cartilage mechanics

  • Hip and knee joint modelling and evaluation of implant performance

  • Optimising fixation of osteoporotic bone fractures

  • Constitutive models of bone graft which is extensively used in revision surgery

  • Modelling of diseased arteries

  • Nonlinear homogenisation

  • Development of new plasticity models
  • Micro-cracking simulation in porous materials
  • Novel open-source finite element code development for implementation on high performance computer systems


Collaborative Activity

I have have had active research collaborations with University of Melbourne, University of Saskatchewan, ETH Zurich and Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee, which have all resulted journal papers. I have ongoing collaboration with Sheffield, Liverpools, Heriot Watt and Durham Universities in the UK. I am also colaborating with Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi and Snow and Avalanche Study Establishment, Chandigarh.

Research students


  1. Francesc Levrero Florencio
  2. Shuqiao Xie
  3. Qing Ye
  4. Zhujun Zhang
  5. Adib Hamdani
  6. Fahad Gulib (co-supervisor)
  7. Jiayu Hu (co-supervisor)
  8. James Farrell (co-supervisor)


  1. Khalid Moin (1997): Dean Faculty of Engineering and Professor of Civil Engineering, Jamia Milia Islamia, New Delhi, India.
  2. Mohammed Arif (1998): Professor and Head of Civil Engineering, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, India.
  3. Aikaterini Mania (2002)
  4. Ermiao Lin (2003)
  5. Jesus Chavez-Sagarnaga (2005): Senior Project Engineer, Jenike and Johanson, Boston, USA.
  6. Andrew Phillips (2005): Senior Lecturer, Imperial College London.
  7. Finn Donaldson (2011): Research Scientist, US Food and Drug Administration (FDA), Silver Spring, Maryland, USA.
  8. Robert Wallace (2012): Post-doctoral Research Fellow, The University of Edinburgh.
  9. Adam Ervine (2012): AECOM Technology Corporation, Australia.
  10. Joanne Knox (2012): AECOM Technology Corporation, Los Angeles, USA
  11. Noel Conlisk  (2013): Research Associate, The University of Edinburgh.
  12. Panagiotis Kotsovinos (2013)
  13. Jian Zhang (2014): PAW Structures Ltd.
  14. Alisdair MacLeod (2014): Post-doctoral Research Fellow, University of Bath.
  15. Lauren Thomas-Seale (2015)
  16. Jerome Goffin  (2015)
  17. Paul Jenkins (2015): Consultant Orthopaedic Surgeon, Glasgow Royal Infirmary.
  18. Feng-Chen An (2015): Lecturer, China University of Petroleum.
  19. Lyam Hollis (2016): Post-doctoral Research Associate, The University of Edinburgh.
  20. Chloe Scott (2016): Orthopaedic Registrar, NHS Lothian.

Administrative Roles

  • International Dean for South Asia for The University of Edinburgh
  • Deputy Head of the Institute for Bioengineering, School of Engineering, The University of Edinburgh

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